Sword first appeared in the Bronze Age. made of copper and is found at the site of Harappa in Pakistan. Medieval swords made of iron and steel, at that time the sword began to mass-produced and used in combat. Soldiers are trained in swordsmanship and ready for battle. That was before the era of high-powered weapons and artillery and face to face in battle. During that time in history, all the generals of the kingdom, the kings, and emperors have personal sword made and produced by the greatest sword maker that time. This article will feature ten famous sword in the world which still survive today. Mythology and legendary sword exception will not be listed.
10. Tomoyuki Yamashita's Sword
Tomoyuki Yamashita was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. He became famous after conquering the British colonies in Malaya and Singapore, eventually earned the nickname "Tiger of Malaya." After the end of World War II, Yamashita trial for war crimes relating to the Manila Massacre and other atrocities in the Philippines and Singapore. It was a controversial trial that ended with the death penalty for Tomoyuki Yamashita. This case changed the rules of the United States in terms of command responsibility for war crimes, creating a law known as the Yamashita Standard.
During his military career, Tomoyuki Yamashita had a personal sword which contains the knife produced by the famous sword maker Fujiwara Kanenaga between 1640 and 1680. gun grip remade in the early 1900's. Samurai sword was handed over by General Yamashita, together with his troops, on 2 September 1945 taken by General MacArthur and given to the West Point Military Museum which still exist today. Sword is one part in a large collection of military weapons which took place at West Point Museum.
9. Curved Saber of San Martin
José de San Martín was a famous general of Argentina who lived between the years 1778-1850. He was the main leader of the southern part of South America struggle for independence from Spain. San Martín was the hero of South America and Protector of a Perú. Under the leadership of San Martín, Peru's independence was officially declared on July 28, 1821. In the countries of Argentina, the Order of the Liberator General San Martin is the highest decoration given.
One of the most valued treasure José de San Martín is a curved sword that he bought in London. San Martín admire the curved sword blade and felt that the weapon could maneuver and ideal for combat. For this reason, he armed his cavalry granaderos with the same weapon, which is considered important to increase the attacks. Curved sword along with San Martín to death and then submitted to the General de la República Argentina, Don Juan Manuel de Rosas.
In his will of San Martín called the sword as a "sword that has accompanied me during the War of Independence of South America." In 1896 the weapon was sent to the National History Museum in Buenos Aires where he remains there to this day.
8. Seven-Branched Sword
Baekje Dynasty was an ancient kingdom located in southwest Korea. At its peak in the 4th century, Baekje controlled colony in China and most of the western Korean peninsula. They are one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, together with Goguryeo and Silla. In 372, King of Baekje Geunchogo paid tribute to the Eastern Jin and believed that the Seven-Branched Sword was created and given to the king as a sign of praise.
The iron arms length is 74.9 cm with six bulge like a knife along the central branch, which is 65.5 cm. Sword is developed for ceremonial purposes and is not built for battle. In 1870 a Shinto priest named Masatomo Kan found two inscriptions on the Seven-Branched Sword of it. One of them states "At noon on the sixteenth day of the eleventh month, the fourth year Taiwa era, the sword was made of hardened steel for 100 times. Using a sword than 100 enemy soldiers. Right to the king. "
Seven-Branched Sword contain many statements, but the most controversial involving the phrase "enfeoffed Lord," used when describing the King of Wa as possible subject to the ruling Baekje. Sword is an important historical link and show that indeed there is a relationship between East Asian countries of this era. The original Seven-Branched Sword is currently stored at the Temple in Nara Prefecture Isonokami Japan. This does not display to the public.
7. Wallace Sword
William Wallace was a Scottish warrior who lived from 1272 to 1305. Wallace was known for leading the resistance against the British during the War of Scottish Independence, which was launched in the late 13th and early 14th century. During his life, William Wallace was appointed Guardian sebgai Scotland. He led an infantry soldier involved in hands of the enemy to fight. Ownership presents many of the soldiers are their swords. To be able to survive on the battlefield then it should be a gifted swordsman. In 1305, William Wallace was captured by King Edward I of England and executed for treason. Today is William Wallace in Scotland is remembered as a patriot and national hero. His sword is one of the most famous in the world.
William Wallace's sword is located at the National Monument in Stirling, Scotland. Stem sword size 4 feet by 4 inches long (132cm) and weighs 6.0 pounds (2.7 kg). Sword Wallace said the weapons used in the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297 and the Battle of Falkirk (1298). Made from gold plated metal and the handle is wrapped with dark brown skin. The handle of the current on Wallace's sword is not original. It is believed that the sword had been changed.
After the execution of William Wallace, Sir John de Menteith, governor of Dumbarton Castle, received his sword. In 1505, King James IV of Scotland to pay 26 shillings to have a sword binned with a silk rope. It is said that the sword has undergone many changes, which may be necessary because the original scabbard Wallace, the handle and the belt is said to have been made from dry skin Hugh Cressingham, seoang British commander.
El Cid is a man who was born around 1040 in Vivar, a small town about six miles north of Burgos, the capital of Castile. Kingdom of Castile is one of the medieval kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula. During the life of El Cid became a successful military leader and diplomat. He was appointed general chairman of soldiers Alfonso VI and became a hero of Spain. El Cid is the king's most valuable asset in the war against the Moors. He is a skilled military strategist and powerful swordsman.
El Cid has a different sword in his life, but two of the most famous is Colada and Tizona. Tizona is the sword used by El Cid to fight the Moors. The weapon is one of the most revered relics in Spain and is believed to have been forged in Cordoba, Spain, although the blade made from Damascus steel. Damascus steel is mainly used in the Middle East. Tizona cm/40.5 is 103 inches long and weighs 1.1 pounds kg/2.4. It contains two separate inscriptions, with a list of dates in 1002 and another plant cites Catholic prayer Ave Maria. Tizona currently on display at the Museo de Burgos in Spain.
5. Napoleon Sword
In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte became the French political and military leaders after launching a coup. Five years later declared himself emperor of the French Senate. In the first decade of the 19th century French Empire of Napoleon and engage in conflict and war with every major European power. In the end, a series victory gave France a dominant position in continental Europe, but as history will be repeated later, in 1812 the French started their attack from Russia. The decision to attack Russia marks the turning point in Napoleon's wealth. In 1814, the Sixth Coalition invaded France and Napoleon was captured and exiled to the island of Elba. He will run away, but eventually died in captivity on the island of Saint Helena. Historians consider Napoleon as a military genius and a man who made strong contributions to the operational art of war.
On the Napoleonic battlefield carrying a pistol and sword. He has a huge collection of guns and artillery. His weapon is one of a kind and includes the best ingredients. In the summer of 2007, a gold-encrusted sword that once belonged to Napoleon auctioned in France more than $ 6,400,000 dollars. The sword used by Napoleon in the battle. In the early 1800s, Napoleon gave the weapons to his brother as a wedding gift. the sword was passed down from generation to generation, never left the Bonaparte family. In 1978, the sword was declared a national treasure in France and the winning bidder was not identified.
4. Sword of Mercy
Sword of Mercy is a famous weapon that once belonged to Edward Confessor. Edward Confessor is one of the last king of the Anglo-Saxon England before the Norman Conquest of 1066. He ruled 1042-1066 and his administration has been marked by the collapse of royal authority in England disorganization. Shortly after the death of Edward Confessor, the Normans began to expand into Britain, led by William the Conqueror.
Mercy has a broken sword blade, which cut short and square. In the year 1236, was named curtana weapons and has since been used for royal ceremonies. In ancient times it was an honor to bear this sword before the king. This is considered a sign of mercy. Stories about violating weapons is unknown, but history shows that the tip broken mythological by an angel to prevent murder is wrong.
Sword of Mercy is part of the British Crown Jewels, and is one of only five swords used during the coronation of the king of England. The weapon is a rare weapon and one of only a small sword to survive in the reign of Oliver Cromwell. During the coronation in England, Sword of Mercy is a sword held by the king for his abundant honor to knighthood.
3. Honjo Masamune
Clever Japanese Sword Masamune is widely regarded as one of the world's largest metallurgists. Date Masamune the right to life is unknown, but he believed that he worked between the years 1288-1328. Masamune weapons has achieved legendary status over the centuries. He created the sword known as a tachi and a dagger called tant?. Masamune sword has a strong reputation for excellence and quality. He rarely signed his works, so it will be difficult to identify all of his weapons.
The most famous of all the sword Masamune named Honjo Masamune. The Honjo Masamune is very important because it represents the shogunate during the Edo period of Japan. The sword was passed down from one to the Shogun Shogun for several generations. In 1939 the weapon is a national treasure in Japan, but still owned by the Tokugawa family. The last known owner of the Honjo Masamune was the Tokugawa Iemasa. Apparently Tokugawa Iemasa provide weapons and 14 other sword to the police station in Mejiro, Japan, in December 1945.
Shortly thereafter in January 1946, police Mejiro give the sword to Sgt. Bimore Coldy (U.S. 7th Cavalry). Since then, the Honjo Masamune sword is missing and existence remain a mystery. Honjo Masamune is one of the most important artifacts of history to disappear at the end of World War II.
Charlemagne was a man who was born around the year 742. He is one of the greatest rulers in world history and become the King of the Franks in 768. At 800 he was made emperor of Rome, a position he held for the rest of his life. In the Holy Roman Empire was known as Charles I and was the first Holy Roman Emperor. During this time he expanded the kingdom of Franks Charlemagne became an empire, which covered much of Western and Central Europe. Charlemagne is considered the founding father of both French and German monarchy, and father European.
Joyeuse was the name of Charlemagne's personal sword. Currently, there are two swords associated with Joyeuse. One of them is a sword that is stored in Schatzkammer Weltliche in Vienna, while others are placed in the Louvre in France. His knife on display at the Louvre to claim partially constructed from the original sword of Charlemagne. The sword is made from the parts of a different century, so that it becomes difficult to identify the weapon as Joyeuse. The handle of the sword indicates the date the plant around the time of Charlemagne. The strike gold engraved made in two sections and a long gold clutches once decorated with diamonds.
Charlemagne sword appears in many legends and historical documents. Charlemagne Bulfinch's Mythology described using Joyeuse to behead the Saracen commander Corsuble Dane Ogier and his knights. After the death of Charlemagne, the sword is owned by the Basilica of Saint Denis and then taken to the Louvre after the Coronation procession to the kings of France.
Zulfikar is an ancient sword owned by Syaidina Ali. Ali is the friend and daughter of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. He ruled the Islamic Caliphate AD 656-661 With a few historical records, the Prophet Muhammad gave his sword Zulfikar Ali at the Battle of Uhud Syaidina. Sword is one of the main symbol of Islam and admired by millions of people.
Zulfikar is a sword, which refers to the sword West Asia or South Asia with a curved blade. It is said that the sword Syaidina Ali used at Battle of the Trench, which is an effort of the famous siege in the city of Medina. During the battle, the Prophet Muhammad, Syaidina Ali, and defender of Islam to build a trench to protect against cavalry Medina confederation that much greater.
Some were opposed to this pendang form. Some of them described the weapon that has two parallel blades, emphasizing the mystical abilities and speed, while others describe as a sword Zulfikar more traditional form. Some pictures depict the history of the sword with a split V-shaped knife weapons that survive to this day and stored in the ownership of Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi. This weapon is part of the famous collection which is called al-Jafr.
Al-Jafr is a Shiite holy book. This consists of two leather boxes that contain the most important artifacts from the time of Prophet Muhammad SAW and Syaidina Ali. The collection has been derived for several generations, with each new priest receives from its predecessor. The contents of Al-Jafr quite impressive, but they are not available for dilihatkan to the public. One part of this book describes the rules of Islam, direction, and things about the war, including a bag containing a suit of armor and weapons of the Prophet Muhammad. Zulfikar is one of the priceless artifacts.